The National Library of China or NLC in Beijing is the national library of the People's Republic of China. With a collection of over 37 million items, it is one of the largest libraries in Asia and one of the largest in the world. It holds the largest collections of Chinese literature and historical documents in the world. 

The forerunner of the National Library of China, the Imperial Library of Peking , was founded on 9 September 1909 by the government of the Qing dynasty. It was first formally opened after the Xinhai Revolution, in 1912. In 1916, the library received depository library status. In July 1928, its name was changed to National Peiping Library and was later changed to the National Library.

The National Library of China's collection is the largest in Asia. Its holdings of more than 36.45 million items (as of December 2016) also make it one of the world's largest libraries. 

It houses official publications of the United Nations and foreign governments and a collection of literature and materials in over 115 languages. The library contains inscribed tortoise shells and bones, ancient manuscripts, and block-printed volumes. Among the most prized collections of the National Library of China are rare and precious documents and records from past dynasties in Chinese history.

According to en.wikipedia